09 Oct Exclusion from Reassessment of Property Tax Can Save Homeowners Money
Did you know that in several counties in California, Propositions 58 and 193 can save homeowners money in the transfer of property between parents and children and even grandchildren? These propositions are geared towards keeping property “in the family” and both propositions help avoid a forced sale if the home is reappraised and the taxes go up exponentially making it too difficult for the family member to make the payments on the home.
Proposition 58 provides property tax relief by preventing an increase in property taxes when real property is transferred between parents and their children.
Proposition 193 broadens the tax relief to include transfers between grandparent and grandchildren, or from grandchildren to grandparents. This transfer is only exempt in cases where both parents of the grandchild are deceased.
The Parent-Child Exclusion applies to any real property purchases or transfers between parents and children, which occurred on or after November 6, 1986.
The exclusion applies to natural children, children adopted before the age of 18, stepchildren (as long as the parents are still married), and sons- and daughters-in-law are considered children under this exclusion program.
What most homeowners do not know is that the claim must be filed within three years after the date of the purchase/transfer or prior to the transfer of the property to a third party, whichever is earlier or within six months after mailing of the notice of supplemental assessment.
What type of property can be transferred without a tax increase?
A parent may transfer their principal residence and any other property valued up to $1,000,000 to their children. The properties will not be reappraised providing that the proper Claim for Exclusion from Reappraisal form is filed and approved by the Assessor’s Office.
An inheritance or transfer to children within a trust may qualify for this exclusion. The trust documents must be provided with the claim.
You may request a Parent-Child or Grandparent-Grandchild Exclusion claim form by contacting your local County Assessor/Recorder/Clerk office. You may ask your Escrow Officer for the contact information for your local Assessor’s office, too.
The Los Angeles County Office of the Assessor did a great writeup on this topic, as well, and included links to the forms that are used in exclusion claims. Their summary can be found here.
The points presented here are meant as an informational summary and are not inclusive of all of the nuances of the propositions. For full definitions of Prop. 58 & 193, please view Revenue and Taxation (R & T) Code Section 63.1 online at www.leginfo.ca.gov and consult with your tax or legal professional.
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